Zen Garden or Japanese Rock Garden is a Japanese-style garden. The main center of these gardens is Kyoto, Japan. The famous Ryōan-Ji Garden is located in this city.
The main elements of the Zen garden are sand and rock. Usually, in these gardens, sand rivers and even sand waterfalls are built. By making grooves in sand and rocks, they try to simulate and remind seas and sea waves.
The Zen Garden is not just for recreation and entertainment, but also as a place for spiritual relaxation, inner solitude, and worship.
The root of this style is found in the beliefs and cultures of Eastern countries, especially Japan. At first, the purpose of creating these gardens was creating a space for the gods to come and relax.
In these gardens, the stones are arranged in a certain order and each symbolizes something. For example, some are symbols of humans and some are symbols of gods. Also, the sand rivers carry humans on a symbolic journey through life.